Öland's culture comprises the built heritage, including Borgholm castle, windmills and prehistoric sites, but also a rich contemporary culture. Öland is highly engaged in sustainable development with a focus on high-quality organic food. There is also a vineyard in the island, close to Solberga.
Windmills have become a symbol for Öland, and indeed one can find a considerable number of these buildings on the island. Once estimated to have included 2000, there are still 350 left, in particular post mills, which were important to provide farms with flour. In the course of the 20th century, windmills lost their importance, and were torn down or decayed. The largest post mill is Björnhovda mill east of Färjestad. Other well known mills are Lerkaka, Störlinge, Sandviks Kvarn, Strandtorp and Jordhamn.
Close to Solberga, south of Borgholm, the royal family has its summer residence Solliden. It is here crown princess Victoria celebrates her birthday every year. Not far is the ruin of Castle Borgholm. Other important sites are the pre-historic castles Bårby, Gråborg and Ismantorp. Castle Eketorp in the South of the island was recently re-constructed and is one of the most well-known structures in Öland.
There are today 35 church buildings in Öland, which partially functioned as fortified churches, going back to the Romanic period. Important churches include Gärdslösa, Resmo, Långlöt, Högby, Egby and Föra. Even in Borgholm and Köpingsvik there are interesting churches. A unique construction feature in Öland were churches with two towers, one at each side of the nave bay. Most of these were re-built in the 19th century, part of the second tower can still be seen in the church of Resmo.
There are several small museums in Öland, most of them are however only opened during the summer. Eketorp is the most well-known, but the Öland-museum in Himmelsberga is also quite famous. Öland bestehen diverse kleinere Museen, die jedoch überwiegend nur in der Sommersaison geöffnet sind. Neben der Burg Eketorp dürfte das Öland-Museum in Himmelsberga das bekannteste sein. The open air museum presents the agricultural history of the island, and includes one of the typical ribbon-built villages. Other museums include the museum in Borgholm, Skedemosse (gold exhibits found close to Skedemosse), as well as the Lerkaka museum, where the tradition of linen production is presented. In the North of the island there is the museum railway Böda Skogsjärnväg.
Lighthouses are the landmarks of Öland, including particularly the beacons Långe Erik and Långe Jan in the North and South of the island. These can be accessed in summer. Other lighthouses include Kapelludden and Högby fyr on the east coast, and Skeppsstäv and Ispeudde on the west coast.
Source: Forslund, M. (2001). Natur och kultur på Öland. Länsstyrelsen i Kalmar län.